This is a review of Franklin India Prima Fund: a 25-year-old fund that invests predominantly in mid cap stocks with a mix of value and growth style. Started on Dec 1st 1993, the fund has performed across fund manager changes. R Janakiraman who also manages Franklin Smaller companies has been at the helm since Feb 2008.
Nature of the Fund
Franklin India Prima Fund had a mid cap focus with a bottom up stock selection strategy (focus on stocks first, sector later) that is a blend of growth and value styles. According to the AMC presentation, the fund has maintained 67% exposure to mid caps on average in the last ten years in about 60 stocks as shown below.
An aum of only about 6500 Crores in its 26th year of operation suggests the importance of distribution channels like banks for pushing mutual funds – HDFC Midcap Opportunities in its 11th year has 21,000 Crore AUM.
The SEBI categorization rules did not change the nature of this fund much aside from its benchmark from Nifty Mid cap 100 to Nifty Midcap 150, which as we see below is important. Going by the scheme document, it will be a lot more mid cap focussed than before as it now has to hold 65% of midcaps and did not have such restrictions earlier. Since its definition of large and midcaps is the same as the official definition now, it makes sense to study past performance.
Mid & Small cap stocks are defined as companies whose market cap is less than the hundredth stock in Nifty 500 Index.
Franklin India Prima Fund vs Nifty Midcap 150
First, we shall consider the rolling return and rolling risk (standard deviation) of Franklin Inda Prima Fund vs its current benchmark Nifty Midcap 150 since 1998. It should be noted that Franklin Prima has NSE 500 (CNX 500) as its benchmark initially and added CNX Midcap as benchmark only from May 2013. Later NSE Free float Midcap 100 (now NSE Midcap 100) became the benchmark.
Nifty Midcap 150 ( a harder benchmark to beat) is the current benchmark after the SEBI regulations came into force. We must understand that Franklin Prima operated as a multi-cap fund with mid cap bias in the past when we look at the below charts.
We will start with five rolling returns and risk (bottom panel). The number of data points in each colored line is indicated in the chart (eg 1674 below)
The fund did not beat Nifty Midcap 150 regularly in the past but was less volatile.
The story over 7 and 10 year periods is also the same. Franklin India Prima fund has delivered returns close to Nifty Midcap 150 but at lower risk. Considering its benchmark history and since we do not have a mid cap index fund currently and neither had a mid cap index fund or ETF in the past, that is acceptable
Franklin India Prima Fund vs benchmark indices
We shall now consider performance of Franklin Prima from 2004 onwards vs Nifty MIdcap 100, Nifty Midcap 150, Nifty 50 and Nifty 100
That is more than decent outperformance in terms of returns and risk.
Franklin India Prima Fund vs HDFC Midcap Opportunities vs L&T Midcap
We will now use two peers in Mid cap segment for comparison. The HDFC fund is an obvious choice. The L&T fund was chosen at random. Someone wanted its review and you can the follow graphs for that purpose as well. A detailed review of HDFC Mid-Cap Opportunities Fund can also be consulted.
The L &T fund although comparable or better than Franklin Prima fund in terms of return is much more volatile. HDFC Midcap Opportunities has outperformed Prima on both counts and is a star in the mid cap fund space.
Existing investors in Franklin Prima Fund: Continue! It may not always produce the best returns in the short term, but it has always been a low volatile fund and that, in this space is worth its weight in gold.
New investors looking for a mid-cap fund: Pick this! HDFC Mid cap Opp is without a doubt one of the best funds in this space. However, the next time the market moves “up”, its AUM will only swell further (if it does not limit inflow). So there is a risk of its performance dropping. Franklin Prima at 6,500+ Crores still has plently of breathing space.
Remember, it is immature to want to invest in “the best fund”. All we want is a consistent performer that does not draw too much attention (especially from young investors). Franklin Prima fits the bill exactly.
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