After market crash 80% of active large cap funds outperform Nifty, Nifty 100

Published: May 19, 2020 at 11:06 am

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After the Feb-March 2020 market crash, 80% of active large cap mutual funds have outperformed Nifty 50 and Nifty 100 total return indices. This is likely due to the two-year imbalance among Index stocks that was destroyed due to the crash. A performance report on active large cap funds. Have they returned? Will they do better in the future?

After 1st Feb 2018, the equity market went in two different directions. A few stocks with the most weight in the Nifty/Sensex moved up while the rest of the market – the remaining Nifty stocks, Nifty Next 50, midcaps and small caps started moving down. As a result, the outperformance of several actively managed mutual funds, especially in the large cap category became prominently visible.  This trend seems to have reversed now.

Normalized movement of Nifty 50 and Nifty 50 Equal-weight indices indicating the departure in movement after 1st Feb 2018
Normalized movement of Nifty 50 and Nifty 50 Equal-weight indices indicating the departure in movement after 1st Feb 2018

If you have checked the past 1-year returns in the large cap category just a few months ago, Sensex and Nifty index funds would have dominated the table (prior Feb 2018 Nifty Next 50 funds were on top). Today all these index funds are closer to the bottom of the table.

All trailing returns were calculated wrt May 15th 2020. We looked at these 27 active large cap funds:

  1. Canara Rob Bluechip Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  2. Axis Bluechip Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  3. BNP Paribas Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  4. JM Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  5. IDBI India Top 100 Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  6. LIC MF Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  7. IDFC Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  8. Invesco India Largecap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  9. Baroda Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  10. Kotak Bluechip Fund(D)-Direct Plan
  11. HSBC Large Cap Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  12. UTI Mastershare(G)-Direct Plan
  13. Edelweiss Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  14. L&T India Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  15. PGIM India Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  16. Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  17. Essel Large Cap Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  18. SBI BlueChip Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  19. Taurus Largecap Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  20. DSP Top 100 Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  21. ICICI Pru Bluechip Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  22. Indiabulls Blue Chip Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  23. Aditya Birla SL Frontline Equity Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  24. Franklin India Bluechip Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  25. Tata Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  26. HDFC Top 100 Fund(G)-Direct Plan
  27. Nippon India Large Cap Fund(G)-Direct Plan

Over the last seven years, 22/27 (81%) funds beat the NIfty and Nifty 100 TRI. Note all returns are after expenses. Over the last year too, 22/27 funds (not the same ones!) outperformed the two indices. This is what happened in the middle!

Percentage of active large cap funds that outperformed Nifty 50 TRI and Nifty 100 TRI
Percentage of active large cap funds that outperformed Nifty 50 TRI and Nifty 100 TRI

Clearly the overvaluation of a few NIfty stocks (which we have not seen at least since the 2000s) and the subsequent correction has impacted how well active funds fared before and after the crash.

What does this mean to the investor? Does this mean active large cap funds are back?

No. In Dec 2018 only Five Large Cap funds had comfortably beaten Nifty 100 and this was a thorough study based on rolling returns. Using the same criterion on the May 2020 Equity Mutual Fund Performance Screener we get only three funds!

Even if we use regular large cap funds and investigate bet April 2006 to Dec 2017 (before the onset of this market homogeneity) only 9/22 fund have consistently beaten NIfty 100 TRI over 3,5,7 and 10 years (over 70% of all rolling return data points).

So clearly even before the “80%  from Nifty 100” SEBI mandate, active large cap funds had trouble beating the Nifty 100.

So why are you confusing us with data then? There is always going be some data like this. Some Yes Bank, some Vedanta, some index fund moving up the star rating ladder, moving down etc. If you chose index funds because that is going to outperform active funds “in the long run” then you are likely to be disappointed at least from time to time.

Choose passive funds only because of the additional risk in active funds – loss of performance risk, star ratings change risk, fund manager losing it risk, fund manager quitting-risk. If you think you will get better returns from index funds then behavioural risks could sabotage your investments!

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About the Author Pattabiraman editor freefincalM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. since Aug 2006. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin Pattabiraman has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates and associations on the basis of money management. Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, Cognizant, Madras Atomic Power Station, Honeywell, Tamil Nadu Investors Association. For speaking engagements write to pattu [at] freefincal [dot] com
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