Are we in the middle of the biggest Sensex Crash?

Is the fall in the markets from Feb 2020 one of the sharpest that we have seen so far in the history of the Indian markets? An analysis

Published: March 13, 2020 at 10:49 am

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At the time of writing,  The Sensex and Nifty fell 10% immediately on opening (13th Mar 2020) and trading has been halted for 45 minutes. The rapid fall in all global markets since late February makes us wonder if we are in the middle of the biggest crash in Indian market history?

This is the sequence of daily Sensex returns from Feb 20th 2020:  -0.37%, -1.96%, -0.20%, -0.97%, -0.36%, -3.64%, -0.40%, 1.26%, -0.55%, 0.16%, -2.32%, -5.17%, 0.18%, -8.18%,  -9.43% (at 9:50 am 13-3-2020).

To get a perspective of the current fall, we need to look at the history of the Sensex. The price has to be plotted in log scale so that are past bull and bear runs can be set on the same scale.

Sensex closing price in log scale with arrows marking some of the biggest falls
Sensex closing price in log scale with arrows marking some of the biggest falls

The advantage of the log scale is the size of both double-headed arrows are the same. It can help gauge the extent of up and down movements. If we plot the x-axis also in log scale we can evaluate the time for these as well. Read more: Are you ready to climb the Sensex Staircase?!

The biggest falls in the Sensex are marked by fat down arrows. These represent the Harshad Mehta Scam (April 1992), Dot Com crisis (Deb 2000), 2008 Housing crisis (Jan 2008) and what we shall refer to as the Feb-Mar 2020 fall

Update March 24th 2020: Yesterday was the biggest intraday fall in the market making the current crisis the fast to lose 37%!

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Normalised plots of Sensex market crashes with no of business days in the x axis as on 23rd march 2020
Normalised plots of Sensex market crashes with no of business days in the x-axis as on 23rd march 2020

The fall in Sensex indicated in the four time-windows above are plotted together on a normalized scale (price =1 initially). Notice that the current indicated in red is the fastest drop we have seen so far. We are currently in the middle of the biggest market crash.

The arrow represents the price on Mar 13th 2020 9:45 am. As on 10:33 am, the intraday loss is only -2.65% (from -10% plus) but the central conclusions of this article are still valid. The only caveat is, the recovery could be in a few days or weeks or years. We do not know. The best part is we do not need to know!

While the Sensex lost half and more than half of its value in previous crashes, we are close -30% now. No one can predict what would happen going forward.

Is this the first-time concerns over an illness is responsible for the fall in Sensex? Quite possible yes as this picture would suggest.

Plot of Sensex in log scale with annoated events corresponding to widespread occurrence of an infectious disease
A plot of Sensex in log scale with annotated events corresponding to the widespread occurrence of an infectious disease

Interesting days ahead. Time to understand why we say Mutual funds have no compounding benefit, appreciate risk and learn how to reduce portfolio risk.


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Pattabiraman editor freefincalM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. since Aug 2006. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin Pattabiraman has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice.
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1 Comment

  1. There is something funny happening in the last 3 days. In US both Stocks and Bonds/Gold are falling. This indicates acute lack of liquidity among Market participants hence liquidation of all assets to meet margin calls. So Nifty fall of 10%. Yesterday Fed announced 4 Trillion USD repo. But market did not react. Just now China announced CRR cut and futures reacted. This ding dong will continue.
    My prediction we are headed lower. Worst case P/E = 11 and current trailing Nifty earning of 450 gives around 5000.
    But if everything goes well incl. good fiscal stimulus we could expect a slow rebound.

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