Notes on Financial Fortification

Published: November 11, 2014 at 8:00 am

Last Updated on

Life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and critical illness insurance  are tailor-made fortification products that help a family tackle unpleasant and unexpected developments. Be it expenses due to hospitalization, or loss or decrease  in income due to death, accident or a critical illness.  I refer to them as fortification products because they protect the families long-term goals like retirement, children’s education, marriage etc. They protect by minimizing the chance of redeeming the corpus meant for these goals. They protect by minimizing the chances of interrupting the compounding of the corpus.

Here are some thoughts on the fortification process.

Emergency Fund

A emergency fund is also a crucial fortification step but we do not have a tailor-made product for this and nor is it necessary. As  long as we can find a way to replenish the emergency fund when it is used, where we put the fund is pretty much irrelevant. Of course the chosen instrument must be liquid.

The problem is the amount! (see below)

Pure Term Life Insurance

Those who realize a term plan is crucial either choose to seek a one Crore policy or worry about the how much insurance cover is required.

Unfortunately both approaches do not count for much because the insurer has an upper limit typically based on an individuals income and risk profile.

Therefore, I think it would be best to identify 2/3 insurers one is comfortable with, write to them with basic profile details and determine the maximum cover they are willing to offer.

Then write an action plan: How much should I allocate for

  1. squaring off liabilities
  2. inflation protected income and for how many years  (perhaps until the kids are old enough to work
  3. generating an inflation-protected sum for school fees (including training and coaching classes)
  4. college fees
  5. marriage expenses (if possible)

Use the Comprehensive Child planner to work this out: How to plan for your child’s education and marriage

Remember: having a term plan is good but what if your nominee buys wrong products? So prepare an action plan and discuss it with your nominee

Understand how best the maximum eligible sum insured should be distributed among these buckets, write it down and discuss and give copies to your nominee and someone else you can trust. Be sure to include the name of a fee-only planner (see link on the top right).

Ask your nominee to contact the fee-only planner, if needed, as soon as you are ready to submit the claim. They should be able to guide through the claim-settlement process (for a fee of course) and allocate the sum into different buckets as per your plan.

Also see: Things to do AFTER you take a term insurance policy!

Health Insurance

Having a health cover is indispensable. However it is important to recognize that cashless claim is more of a privilege than a right. Reimbursement is a right. So do not be sure cashless will be approved. Meaning you need money – much more than 12 times monthly expenses!

Emergency fund is a long-term goal. It is an insatiable monster which needs to be fed constantly.

Read more: How Long Should I Maintain an Emergency Fund?

Print the necessary steps  to be completed before and after hospitalization and store it along with the insurance policy and card. It would be better if the spouse and other members read it.

Accident Insurance

This is a must-have for professionals and those in the cut-throat corporate world.

The product is rather complex. The claim will be paid in full only for certain types of accident. All others would only get some percentage of the sum insured.

Also one does not need to suffer an accident to lose income.  There are many other ailments which would render a person disabled.

How much accident insurance should I have? If I die, family expenses might decrease as I am no longer around.

If I am rendered disable, my family expenses are likely to increase and sharply. So an accident cover should be higher than a term cover.

Unfortunately this is rarely the case.

Getting an accident insurance policy for 10,20,30L is inadequate.

Not everyone will get high cover. It depends on the income and the  kind of job

The bigger problem is that many insurers offer quite low cover. The max cover I have seen is 1 Crore from Tata AIG.

The only upside is that the price of  sum insured of tens of lakhs is quite inexpensive.

Stay away from any group insurance policy offered by Banks.

Critical Illness Insurance

Again a complex product. You need to get critically ill (and not die within a month) in a certain way.

See more: Critical Illness Insurance Policies: Do You Really Need One?

Again the sum insured in most CI products is not  as large as a term plan. But the policy is much more expensive than a term plan.

I would prefer to buy a CI cover if there is some history if CI in my family. But then again, do you stop with first cousins or second cousins? Search hard enough and every family will have CI case!

If all our investible surplus goes to insurance policies (that do not offer bonuses!) where will we have money to invest for our financial goals!

So we either buy all types of policies for low cover or avoid certain types of policies (CI or accident that is. Rest are mandatory).

Alas either way it is not an easy decision.

Perhaps one could buy about 30L of accident cover, 30L of CI cover and get as high a term cover and mediclaim as possible, but the total premium would be close to 1L for a 30-something.

If we are lucky, don’t get to use the CI and accident policies and the health cover rarely, we can focus on investing.

If we invest to the best of our ability in productive assets, hopefully we would have more than enough to handle unexpected big ticket expenses a couple of decades later. Building a rock-solid fortification takes time and luck. Lots of both

Pechersk Lavra fortification
Pechersk Lavra fortification a system of walls, towers and other constructions built for the protection of the Cave Monastery in Kiev, the capital of Ukraine

Interested in a workshop on financial planning and goal-based investing at Bangalore?

The first meet on Dec. 14th is sold out. Register here and I will plan for a second meet

Do share if you found this useful

About the Author M Pattabiraman author of freefincal.comM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the author and owner of  He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras since Aug 2006. Pattu” as he is popularly known, has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management.  He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. Pattu publishes unbiased, promotion-free research, analysis and holistic money management advice. Freefincal serves more than one million readers a year (2.5 million page views) with numbers based analysis on topical issues and has more than a 100 free calculators on different aspects of insurance and investment analysis. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates  and associations(see details below). Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, TamilNadu Investors Association etc. Contact information: freefincal {at} Gmail {dot} com (sponsored posts or paid collaborations will not be entertained)
Want to conduct a sales-free "basics of money management" session in your office?
I conduct free seminars to employees or societies. Only the very basics and getting-started steps are discussed (no scary math):For example: How to define financial goals, how to save tax with a clear goal in mind; How to use a credit card for maximum benefit; When to buy a house; How to start investing; where to invest; how to invest for and after retirement etc. depending on the audience. If you are interested, you can contact me: freefincal [at] Gmail [dot] com. I can do the talk via conferencing software, so there is no cost for your company. If you want me to travel, you need to cover my airfare (I live in Chennai)

Connect with us on social media

Content Policy

Freefincal has original unbiased, conflict-of-interest-free,  topical reports, reviews, commentary and analysis on all aspects of personal finance like mutual funds, stocks, insurance etc. All guest authors and contributors to the site also do not have any conflict of interest. If you find the content useful, please consider supporting us by (1) sharing our articles and (2) disabling ad-blockers for our site if you are using one. No promotional content We do not accept sponsored posts and link exchange requests from content writers and agencies. This is our privacy policy Our website is non-profit in nature. The revenue from the advertisement will only be used for hosting charges, domain registration charges, specific plugins necessary for traffic growth and analytics services for search engine optimisation.

Do check out my books

You Can Be Rich Too with Goal-Based Investing

You can be rich too with goal based investingMy first book is meant to help you ask the right questions, seek the right answers and since it comes with nine online calculators, you can also create custom solutions for your lifestyle! Get it now.  It is also available in Kindle format.
Gamechanger: Forget Startups, Join Corporate & Still Live the Rich Life You WantGamechanger: Forget Start-ups, Join Corporate and Still Live the Rich Life you wantMy second book is meant for young earners to get their basics right from day one! It will also help you travel to exotic places at low cost! Get it or gift it to a young earner

The ultimate guide to travel by Pranav Surya

Travel-Training-Kit-Cover This is a deep dive analysis into vacation planning, finding cheap flights, budget accommodation, what to do when travelling, how travelling slowly is better financially and psychologically with links to the web pages and hand-holding at every step.  Get the pdf for ₹199 (instant download)

Free Apps for your Android Phone

All calculators from our book, “You can be Rich Too” are now available on Google Play!
Install Financial Freedom App! (Google Play Store)
Install Freefincal Retirement Planner App! (Google Play Store)
Find out if you have enough to say "FU" to your employer (Google Play Store)

Blog Comment Policy

Your thoughts are vital to the health of this blog and are the driving force behind the analysis and calculators that you see here. We welcome criticism and differing opinions. I will do my very best to respond to all comments asap. Please do not include hyperlinks or email ids in the comment body. Such comments will be moderated and I reserve the right to delete the entire comment or remove the links before approving them.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *