Want to become better at Financial Planning? Start with this first!

Published: April 29, 2023 at 6:00 am

If you are an avid non-fiction reader, you may have come across the phrase ‘keystone’ habit. Keystone habits are powerful and transformative habits that have the potential to trigger positive changes in other areas of our lives. Popularized by the book “The Power of Habit” by Charles Duhigg, keystone habits are defined as small, positive changes or habits that have a ripple effect in all areas of our lives.

About the author: Ayushi Mona co-leads Broke Bibliophiles Bombay Chapter, India’s first offline reader-driven community. She is a poet and writer who evangelizes Indian writing in English at the IndiaBooked podcast and has also been a jury member at the Royal Commonwealth Society, the world’s oldest essay writing competition. She is a marketing professional, currently leading Digital Marketing at an organization and worked with and freelanced for top brands. She was recognized by Business World in their 30 Under 30 list of entrepreneurs and mentors young women in Asia via the WEDU ASEAN emerging women program.

Ayushi’s previous articles at freefincal:

According to Duhigg, keystone habits can be any habit that sets off a chain reaction of other positive habits. For example, regular exercise is often cited as a keystone habit because it not only improves physical health but also leads to improved mental health, better sleep patterns, and a stronger sense of self-discipline. If you are waking up at 5 AM to go for a run, you will automatically want to sleep by 11. Which means you would want to eat on time and not drink any alcohol or caffeine. 

The idea behind keystone habits is that by focusing on one small habit that has the potential to create positive change, we can gradually transform other areas of our lives. 

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    I was wondering what are some financial keystone habits that have a ripple effect and can trigger positive changes in other areas of our lives.

    I have concluded that ‘emergency fund planning’ is the keystone of good personal financial management. 

    Emergency Funds = Income Stability

    If you’ve an emergency fund – you have income stability in the short or midterm. If you did not have recurring or stable income, it would not be possible to create an emergency fund. This is a big green flag. This also means that you have already developed an awareness that things do go downhill some time and that it’s best to not have to depend on others. 

    Emergency Funds = Discipline

    You will only be able to save 6-12 months of expenses, if you save with discipline. If your savings become mobile phones or shoes in the third month, then you know you won’t be able to go too far with your level of financial discipline. Anyone who has been able to independently create and maintain emergency funds knows delayed gratification’s power.

    Emergency Funds = Growth Mindset

    An emergency fund teaches you that not everything has to generate high returns for it to be financially significant.

    If you can bear 12 months of money just lying in a fixed deposit account getting 7% & paying 10% TDS then you are already learning patience and controlled greed. That means you are not someone who is going to flip out easily and make rushed financial decisions for the sake of tax saving or 2% more. 

    Emergency Funds = Self – Aware

    If you are doing it correctly, you have some awareness of what an emergency in your life looks like. A layoff looks different for the bread earner versus someone in a double income household. An emergency is not that you overspent on a lehenga for your friend’s wedding. An emergency is when you face loss of income or something that disrupts life as is.

    Anyone who has built an emergency fund knows that you are only dipping into your savings for genuine emergencies not unplanned indulgences. 

    Emergency Fund = Financial Literacy

    Success at managing to consolidate a fund means you also understand all the ABCs of finance. You can compare instruments (fixed deposit versus savings versus credit card with large credit limit versus liquid fund). You understand taxation on those instruments. You also understand how inflation will eat into it and what you must do to replenish the same. You get that getting a loan means a fund that has EMIs built into it in case of an emergency. You start thinking of much more than putting 20% of your salary away till you build up to 6 months of expenses!

    Emergency Fund = Income and Income = Valuable Skills

     If you’ve an emergency fund, however small – you have the skills to earn money. That means you can build on those skills and grow professionally.

    If you are living hand to mouth, you are often neglecting professional growth as much as working towards financial autonomy.

    Emergency Fund = Money Serves You 

    Having a fund makes you realize the point of planning personal finance is solely for liquidity when you need it. 

    Whether it’s a debt fund that allows you to pay for a wedding venue or a PPF that lets you re-furnish your home or an emergency fund that pays your EMI fees while you look for a new job.

    It teaches you that there is a limit because no emergency fund is infinite and it also teaches you that the purpose of money is to provide you value when in the quantity you need, when you need it most desperately.

    To sum it up, an emergency fund means you’re no longer intimidated by what the future brings, shows you’re self-aware, disciplined, patient and demonstrates your understanding of financial instruments, takes away planning for tax mindset and shows that you don’t blindly believe frameworks you’re fed.

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      About The Author

      Pattabiraman editor freefincalDr M. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. He has over nine years of experience publishing news analysis, research and financial product development. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin, or YouTube. Pattabiraman has co-authored three print books: (1) You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) for DIY investors. (2) Gamechanger for young earners. (3) Chinchu Gets a Superpower! for kids. He has also written seven other free e-books on various money management topics. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India,” an organisation promoting unbiased, commission-free investment advice.
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      Most investor problems can be traced to a lack of informed decision-making. We have all made bad decisions and money mistakes when we started earning and spent years undoing these mistakes. Why should our children go through the same pain? What is this book about? As parents, what would it be if we had to groom one ability in our children that is key not only to money management and investing but to any aspect of life? My answer: Sound Decision Making. So in this book, we meet Chinchu, who is about to turn 10. What he wants for his birthday and how his parents plan for it and teach him several key ideas of decision making and money management is the narrative. What readers say!
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