15-year Nifty SIP returns crash to 8% (51% reduction since 2014)

A mutual fund SIP left unmanaged will fluctuate with the market no matter how long we wait patiently!

Published: April 9, 2020 at 5:51 pm

All it takes is a single market crash to bust myths about “volatility reduces over the long term”, “a mutual fund SIP lowers risk”. A 15-year SIP in the NIfty 50 TRI started in April 2005 has returned only 8% as on 9-4-2020 (before tax and before fund management expenses!). This return is about 51% lower than a corresponding SIP started in July 1999! An analysis.

Readers may recall even in Jan 2020 well before the start of the crash, we reported that Ten-year NIfty SIP Returns have decreased by almost 50% over the years and 15-year Nifty SIP returns have decreased by 25%. Therefore this further reduction should be of little surprise.

On March 23rd, after the biggest intraday fall: 10-year Nifty SIP Return is 2.3%, 14-year SIP Return is 5% again reiterating the simple fact that “averaging the purchase price via SIP” has nothing to do with reducing market risk. The amount invested will rise and fall as the market does no matter how long one waits patiently or continues the SIP!

The results presented here are derived from this tool: Mutual Fund SIP Rolling Returns Calculator. The mutual fund industry has successfully created the illusion a mutual fund SIP will reduce risk, it will always remain profitable over the long term, and it will promote discipline.

We have previously shown none of these is true!

Since it is hard to compute returns from SIPs of the same duration but started on different dates, it was difficult for the retail investor to check the claims of the industry (or at least their salesmen) that a long term SIP cannot fail.

Here is an example to appreciate how much long term SIP returns are dependent on market movements. A 15-year SIP started on 1st April 2005 and valued on 3rd April 2020 returned 6.6% (XIRR). If it was valued on 9th April 2020, the return jumped to 8%.

Rolling 15-year SIP returns for Nifty 50 TRI from July 1999 to April 2020
Rolling 15-year SIP returns for Nifty 50 TRI from July 1999 to April 2020 (the legend in the picture should read as 15-year SIP returns)

Similarly, a 10-year SIP started on 1st April 2010 valued on 3rd April 2020 would have given an XIRR of 3.4%. If it was valued on 9th April 2020, the return would be 5.7%.

Rolling 10-year SIP returns for Nifty 50 TRI from July 1999 to April 2020
Rolling 10-year SIP returns for Nifty 50 TRI from July 1999 to April 2020

There cannot be a stronger proof that stock market fluctuations do not reduce over the long term as the mutual fund house and their sales guys would like us to believe.

Please do not assume this 8% (before tax and expenses) is “good enough” in a country with no regulation on services, where fuel costs alone increase at 6%, where food prices are at the mercy of monsoons and where realistic lifestyle inflation is hitting double-digits.

How many DIY investors use 8% as a target return from equity? What number do sales guys use? Yes, yes when the markets recover the returns would too but notice how the 10-year and 15-year returns have been southward bound for the last six years.

We need both lower expectations and a solid strategy to save our portfolio from market risk.  This strategy has to be a lot more intelligent than this standard advisor manta: “invest 60-70% in equity and then reduce exposure in the last three years before you need money”.

Unless we have a de-risking strategy to gradually and continuously eliminate equity allocation from our portfolios, the amount we end up saving for our financial goals would be left to luck!

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About the Author Pattabiraman editor freefincalM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. since Aug 2006. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin Pattabiraman has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates and associations on the basis of money management. Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, Cognizant, Madras Atomic Power Station, Honeywell, Tamil Nadu Investors Association. For speaking engagements write to pattu [at] freefincal [dot] com
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