Best NRI Investment Options in India

Published: August 31, 2016 at 1:30 pm

Last Updated on November 21, 2018 at 9:34 pm

I have received repeated request to write about investment options available for NRIs. However, since it is an area that I know little about, I requested fee-only financial planner Melvin Joseph‘s help to list the best NRI investment options in India.


India has the largest population of people living abroad in the world. As per the UN report, 16 million people from India were living outside India in 2015. If you include the person of Indian origin (PIO) this number will rise to 30 Million.

What are the investment options for NRIs? A good number of NRIs are interested in creating assets in India because they wish to return after retirement.

Join over 32,000 readers and get free money management solutions delivered to your inbox! Subscribe to get posts via email!
🔥Enjoy massive discounts on our robo-advisory tool & courses! 🔥

NRIs based in US and Canada has some restrictions in investing in India. The scope of this article is limited to NRIs in other countries.

Let us discuss the popular investment options for NRIs.

I  Bank Deposits:Three types of accounts are popular among NRIs.

1 Non-Resident Ordinary (NRO) Account

It is advisable to convert your savings account to NRO account before going overseas. You can visit your bank with Visa and passport and they will convert your existing Savings account to NRO account.

  • It can be used to deposit Indian earnings like rent, interest, dividends etc
  • You can also deposit overseas earnings in NRO account
  • The account can be opened in the form of Savings, Current or fixed deposit
  • Remittance from NRE account or remittance received through proper banking channel can be deposited in NRO account.
  • Upto USD 1 Million can be repatriated from NRO account per year.
  • Interest on NRO account is taxable. There is a TDS of 30% from the interest paid.

However, an individual residing outside India and qualifying as a resident of another country can avail the benefit of a lower tax deduction on interest on NRO account under a double tax avoidance agreement. Any individual intending to avail this option can intimate the bank and submit a copy of tax residency certificate from the country where he qualifies as a resident.

It should primarily be used for depositing/managing your earnings in India.

2 Non-Resident – External (NRE) Account

This account is used to deposit money received from overseas.

  • The account can be opened in the form of Savings, Current or fixed deposit
  • Interest on NRE deposit is tax free in India
  • You can fully & freely repatriate your money from NRE Account

3 Foreign Currency Non-Resident (FCNR) Account

This account can be opened as term deposits only and is for the period of 1-5 years.

  • You can have this account in any freely convertible currency like Dollar, Pound etc.
  • The interest rates are decided by RBI and are linked to LIBOR rates.

Interest income earned from deposits maintained in FCNR account is exempt from tax up to such period the NRI continues to be a non-resident or a resident but not ordinarily resident (RNOR) in India for income-tax purposes.

Mutual Funds

You can invest in mutual funds without any restrictions (except for US & Canada based NRIs*). As a first step, you should update your KYC as an NRI investor. If you are already an investor, you have to change your KYC with NRI status. If you are new to mutual funds, you can submit the following documents at the office of any fund house or registrars like CAMS or Karvy for KYC. They will verify your documents and do the in person Verification (IPV). You can do this during your visit to India or before leaving India.

  1. KYC application form
  2. Pan Card
  3. Passport
  4. Address proof (both Indian and overseas)
  5. Photograph

As an NRI, you can invest in mutual funds on non – repatriable basis or on repatriable basis. If it is non repatriable basis, you can invest from NRO account. Otherwise you have to use NRE account.

AMC’s like PPFAS,UTI and a few others now allow US and Canada based NRIs to invest in mutual funds.

Tax treatment on mutual fund redemption amount & dividends for NRIs

The taxation of mutual fund for NRIs is similar to resident Indians. But there are TDS for NRIs.

Equity Funds: If you sell equity funds after holding it for 1 year, the gains are treated as long-term capital gain and it is tax-free.  But, if you sell it within 1 year, the gains are treated as short term and it is taxed at 15%. For NRIs, there is TDS of 15% in this case.

Non-Equity Funds: If you sell non-equity funds within 3 years of holding, the gains will be treated as short-term capital gains and will be taxed as per your tax slab. But, if you are selling such funds after 3 years, the gains are long term and it will be taxed at 20% after indexation.

In this case, for NRIs, the TDS is at 30% for short term capital gain while it is 20% for long-term capital gain.

Dividends are tax free in your hands. But in the case of debt funds, the fund house deducts dividend distribution tax before releasing dividends.

If your tax liability is less than these rates, an NRI can file the income tax return and claim the refund.

Direct Equity – Shares

NRIs can invest in Indian shares through Portfolio Investment Scheme (PIS) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Each transaction through the PIS account is reported to the RBI.

Long term capital gains made on the sale of shares after 1 year from the date of purchase are tax-free Short term capital gains, profits on sale within one year of date of purchase, are subject to a TDS of 15%.

Real Estate

Investing in real estate is easy for NRIs under the ambit of Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA).

An NRI or a Person of Indian Origin (PIO) can invest in both residential and commercial properties in India. But they are not allowed to invest in agricultural land, plantation property and farm house. They can own such properties only if it is gifted to them or inherited.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a 15 year scheme of the government with an option to extend it after 15 years in blocks of 5 years. It allows tax benefits under Section 80C and the maturity amount is also tax free. This is a good option for debt investing and can be used as a retirement tool to ensure tax free withdrawal.

NRIs can’t open a PPF account. But those who opened a PPF account before they actually got NRI status can continue the account until it matures. But they cannot extend it after 15 years. On maturity, either, they can close the account or can keep it there and enjoy tax free interest till they close the account.

It is recommended that you open a PPF account before becoming an NRI.

National Pension System (NPS)

NPS is an easily accessible, low cost, tax-efficient and flexible retirement savings account. Under the NPS, the individual contributes to his retirement account. NPS is designed on defined contribution basis wherein the subscriber contributes to his own account. The benefit subscribers ultimately receive depends on the amount of contributions, the returns made on the contributions and the period of contributions.

Yes, an NRI in the age of 18 – 60 years, and complying with the KYC norms, can open an NPS account. NPS is distributed through authorized entities called Points of Presence (POP). Almost all the banks in India are enrolled to act as Point of Presence under NPS. To invest in NPS, you are required to open an NPS account through a POP bank, preferably where you have your NRI account. You can send your NPS application form to your Bank for opening of the NPS account.

The following documents need to be submitted to your Bank (POP) for opening of a NPS account:

  1. Completely filled in subscriber registration form
  2. Copy of Passport
  3. Proof of Address, if the local address is different from the address in your passport.

When the pension/ annuity is to be paid, it shall be in local currency only (i.e. in INR). However, there is no restriction on repatriation of pension, whether paid as annuity or in lump sum. Provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 subject to amendments from time to time, would be applicable.

How to avoid Double Taxation for NRI?

Some times NRIs are subjected to double taxation – once in India and again in the country of their residence. It depends on their country of residence. If the Indian government has a Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) with that country, the NRI will be spared from paying tax twice. Many countries have such treaty with India. For example, India has a DTAA with the UK. If an NRI based in the UK makes short-term capital gains from equity investments in India, he pays 15% tax in India. However, if the rate for such gains is 25% in the UK, the investor will need to pay tax only for the difference in rate in UK. This means he gets a deduction on the tax paid in India from his tax payable in the UK.


Please join me in thanking Melvin for this article. If you find it useful, please do share it using the buttons on the left.

Do share this article with your friends using the buttons below.

🔥Enjoy massive discounts on our courses, robo-advisory tool and exclusive investor circle! 🔥& join our community of 5000+ users!
Use our Robo-advisory Tool for a start-to-finish financial plan! More than 1,000 investors and advisors use this!
New Tool! => Track your mutual funds and stock investments with this Google Sheet!
We also publish monthly equity mutual funds, debt and hybrid mutual funds, index funds and ETF screeners and momentum, low-volatility stock screeners.
Follow Freefincal on Google News
Follow Freefincal on Google News
Subscribe to the freefincal Youtube Channel. Subscribe button courtesy: Vecteezy.
Subscribe to the freefincal Youtube Channel.
Follow freefincal on WhatsApp Channel
Follow freefincal on WhatsApp
Podcast: Let's Get RICH With PATTU! Every single Indian CAN grow their wealth! 
Listen to the Lets Get Rich with Pattu Podcast
Listen to the Let's Get Rich with Pattu Podcast
You can watch podcast episodes on the OfSpin Media Friends YouTube Channel.
Lets Get RICH With PATTU podcast on YouTube
Let's Get RICH With PATTU podcast on YouTube.

  • Do you have a comment about the above article? Reach out to us on Twitter: @freefincal or @pattufreefincal
  • Have a question? Subscribe to our newsletter using the form below.
  • Hit 'reply' to any email from us! We do not offer personalized investment advice. We can write a detailed article without mentioning your name if you have a generic question.

Join over 32,000 readers and get free money management solutions delivered to your inbox! Subscribe to get posts via email!

About The Author

Pattabiraman editor freefincalDr M. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. He has over ten years of experience publishing news analysis, research and financial product development. Connect with him via Twitter(X), Linkedin, or YouTube. Pattabiraman has co-authored three print books: (1) You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) for DIY investors. (2) Gamechanger for young earners. (3) Chinchu Gets a Superpower! for kids. He has also written seven other free e-books on various money management topics. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India,” an organisation promoting unbiased, commission-free investment advice.
Our flagship course! Learn to manage your portfolio like a pro to achieve your goals regardless of market conditions! More than 3,000 investors and advisors are part of our exclusive community! Get clarity on how to plan for your goals and achieve the necessary corpus no matter the market condition is!! Watch the first lecture for free!  One-time payment! No recurring fees! Life-long access to videos! Reduce fear, uncertainty and doubt while investing! Learn how to plan for your goals before and after retirement with confidence.
Our new course!  Increase your income by getting people to pay for your skills! More than 700 salaried employees, entrepreneurs and financial advisors are part of our exclusive community! Learn how to get people to pay for your skills! Whether you are a professional or small business owner who wants more clients via online visibility or a salaried person wanting a side income or passive income, we will show you how to achieve this by showcasing your skills and building a community that trusts and pays you! (watch 1st lecture for free). One-time payment! No recurring fees! Life-long access to videos!   
Our new book for kids: “Chinchu Gets a Superpower!” is now available!
Both boy and girl version covers of Chinchu gets a superpower
Both the boy and girl-version covers of "Chinchu Gets a superpower".
Most investor problems can be traced to a lack of informed decision-making. We made bad decisions and money mistakes when we started earning and spent years undoing these mistakes. Why should our children go through the same pain? What is this book about? As parents, what would it be if we had to groom one ability in our children that is key not only to money management and investing but to any aspect of life? My answer: Sound Decision Making. So, in this book, we meet Chinchu, who is about to turn 10. What he wants for his birthday and how his parents plan for it, as well as teaching him several key ideas of decision-making and money management, is the narrative. What readers say!
Feedback from a young reader after reading Chinchu gets a Superpower (small version)
Feedback from a young reader after reading Chinchu gets a Superpower!
Must-read book even for adults! This is something that every parent should teach their kids right from their young age. The importance of money management and decision making based on their wants and needs. Very nicely written in simple terms. - Arun.
Buy the book: Chinchu gets a superpower for your child!
How to profit from content writing: Our new ebook is for those interested in getting side income via content writing. It is available at a 50% discount for Rs. 500 only!
Do you want to check if the market is overvalued or undervalued? Use our market valuation tool (it will work with any index!), or get the Tactical Buy/Sell timing tool!
We publish monthly mutual fund screeners and momentum, low-volatility stock screeners.
About freefincal & its content policy. Freefincal is a News Media Organization dedicated to providing original analysis, reports, reviews and insights on mutual funds, stocks, investing, retirement and personal finance developments. We do so without conflict of interest and bias. Follow us on Google News. Freefincal serves more than three million readers a year (5 million page views) with articles based only on factual information and detailed analysis by its authors. All statements made will be verified with credible and knowledgeable sources before publication. Freefincal does not publish paid articles, promotions, PR, satire or opinions without data. All opinions will be inferences backed by verifiable, reproducible evidence/data. Contact information: letters {at} freefincal {dot} com (sponsored posts or paid collaborations will not be entertained)
Connect with us on social media
Our publications

You Can Be Rich Too with Goal-Based Investing

You can be rich too with goal based investingPublished by CNBC TV18, this book is meant to help you ask the right questions and seek the correct answers, and since it comes with nine online calculators, you can also create custom solutions for your lifestyle! Get it now.
Gamechanger: Forget Startups, Join Corporate & Still Live the Rich Life You Want Gamechanger: Forget Start-ups, Join Corporate and Still Live the Rich Life you wantThis book is meant for young earners to get their basics right from day one! It will also help you travel to exotic places at a low cost! Get it or gift it to a young earner.

Your Ultimate Guide to Travel

Travel-Training-Kit-Cover-new This is an in-depth dive into vacation planning, finding cheap flights, budget accommodation, what to do when travelling, and how travelling slowly is better financially and psychologically, with links to the web pages and hand-holding at every step. Get the pdf for Rs 300 (instant download)