There is more to investing than just getting high returns!

Published: August 5, 2020 at 4:01 pm

Investors tend to obsess on returns – either they want a high return and do not mind taking extra risks or they want an assured return with the safety of principal. Either way, there is more to investing than just returns.

Even if we argue real returns (more than inflation) matter for long term goals, it is only onside of the coin. These images are slides I use in DIY investor meets to provide some context to the “investment return”.

Consider some product or a service or a fee that costs 10L today.  For an inflation rate as shown below (8%), the cost will increase with time as shown by the blue line. The green line represents the growth of the monthly investment amount at the average annual interest rate as shown above.

real1

After 19 years the value of the investment will overtake the cost. Meaning we would have to wait 19 years to make the purchase. The real return (approximately) in this scenario is 12% -8%  = 4% Now, what if the inflation was 10% instead of 8%?


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real2

When inflation increases to 10%, it would take 30 years to make the purchase for the same investment.  The return is still above inflation, but the does not help much. The purchase is significantly delayed. Why? Now consider this,

real3

More than double the investment, with less than half the return, a real return of about -2% produces the same result as a real return of +4%: purchase after 19 years. What if we invest like we would expect a real return of -2% in an instrument that would give us a positive real return?

What if we invest 10200 each month in an instrument that has the potential to deliver double-digit returns? Unfortunately, many do the opposite. They invest less than the required amount (10,200) in instruments that offer negative real returns.

Loss of capital: Loss does not always mean a negative balance or an actual decrease in value.

real5

The result: permanent loss of capital (notice the gap between the curves at 19 years). I use the word permanent because these are the people who are scared of notional short-term losses.  They may never be able to make the purchase.

Not investing enough is an ailment that can affect those who hope to earn a real return too!

real6

A real return of +2% means nothing if one does not invest enough. There is yet another side to this story.   Those who can only invest little (say 1500 pm) cannot take excessive risk in the hope of getting a higher real return. This scenario can be produced in an excel sheet but is unlikely in real life. At least it is quite uncommon.

real7

 

What is the point of this post? When an expense crops up (planned or unplanned) the only thing that matters is the money available us. At the point in time, the return we have got, and how much it is above or below existing inflation rates is irrelevant.

The goal behind investing is to obtain a big fat corpus. The goal is not to beat inflation. The goal is not to obtain a real return. The goal is to recognise the importance of inflation. Inflation can be overcome  in two ways:

1) investing in aggressive assets. That is in assets with the potential to earn a positive real return (return higher than inflation)

2) investing enough capital. This could even be in assets with a guaranteed post-tax return lower than inflation.

You can beat inflation by investing in FD/RD or endowment policies by simply investing enough. See here for an example: Can I Plan My Retirement With Recurring Deposits and Fixed Deposits?

Don’t criticize the product or the agent who sold it to you. Nothing wrong with the product. Most people want guaranteed returns without understanding that the associated price is a huge increase in the necessary investment.

The second suggestion may sound bizarre to you.  I am not suggesting you do that, for that would be an inefficient way to work your money. I suggest that you combine the two ways:

Invest in an aggressive asset like equity, a sum that you will have to invest in a non-productive asset (like fixed deposits or endowment policies).

That way you can go beyond goal-based investing and create wealth. That is, have a surplus relative to your expenses at any point in life … after a certain age. There is more to investing than high returns, safe returns or real returns. You need to invest as much as possible and as often as possible. Otherwise high returns won’t amount to much.


Want to avoid newbie mistakes and learn the basics of portfolio management from scratch? Sign up for a free seminar on “How to construct a long-term investment portfolio” via this form. This is meant for absolute newbies to start investing in the right way, asking the right questions and not make the mistake of choosing products in the very first step and repent later!


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Pattabiraman editor freefincalDr M. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. He has over nine years of experience publishing news analysis, research and financial product development. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin or YouTube. Pattabiraman has co-authored three print books: (1) You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) for DIY investors. (2) Gamechanger for young earners. (3) Chinchu Gets a Superpower! for kids. He has also written seven other free e-books on various money management topics. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India,” an organisation for promoting unbiased, commission-free investment advice.
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