This is a guest post by Krishna Kishore who writes a refreshing blog on stock investing at tyroinvestor.com. He readily agreed to write this post, explaining the features of a stock screener, upon my request.
There are many stock screeners available online like the ones from Google Finance, Reuters, Equity master and paid services from Bloomberg as well. Out of them all, www.screener.in is one of the best and the one that I personally use and recommend because of its salient features.
But why to use it in the first place?
Okay, to understand that let me give you an example.
You got a "tip" from a very good investor. He is very bullish about the stock. Now you wanted to know about the company. What will you do?
Following are the steps!!
1) Open Moneycontrol.com and type the company's name.
2) Check the company's current market price.
3) Click on 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years to know how the company is doing from past few quarters.
4) Quickly check EPS, PE, Dividend yield, Price to Book etc.
5) Get an idea of the company's performance (without even knowing what are the products & services that the company offers).
But Krishna, What is wrong in doing so?
Nothing wrong in it but you will be "Biased". Being in so called "Bull Market", this can be dangerous to our portfolio. Every stock will make new heights these days. Hence, your mind takes the shortcut to process this least available information to say whether this company is doing great, good, bad or ugly. You start your analysis with a biased mode. We are not sure why that stock went up/down. Is it because of any sectorial momentum, Tailwind or Headwind? No idea, but we will start thinking that the stock price has went up, so something good happened/going to happen to the company (Shortcut processing of information).
Recently I watched a movie called "Drishyam". The tagline of the movies goes something like this "Visuals can be deceiving".
This particular tagline with a small change can be aptly suited for markets. "Stock Prices can be deceiving”!!!
But, also at the same time, we do not have enough time on earth to go through Annual reports of each and every company to understand the financial health of it. (Remember in olden days, Ben Graham, Peter Lynch, Buffett and many other legends actually did so)
This is where Stock Screeners comes into picture to serve the purpose.
Stock Screeners gives the fundamental view of the company (not in-depth information) which will be very useful and enough to get an initial idea of its health condition.
As already said I prefer using www.screener.in and now let’s try to understand the functionalities of it.
This is my stock screener page and I am taking example of one of India's most consistent compounder, "Pidilite Industries”!!!
(Please do register to access all the functionalities and type which ratios you want to have in your page under "Manage Quick Ratios" section)
1) From this screen shot, I can get the following info. (In order to understand a stock more than just looking at the price, you need to know about the terms stated in the above screen shot)
a) Market Capitalization: Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying a company's shares outstanding by the current market price of one share. This is used to tell us the size of the company, what are the future prospects of the company to grow further at a good rate.
I highly recommend you to please go through the videos of 2 min each for better understanding for these terms. Fun Learning!!!
b) Book Value per Share: This gives the per share value of a company by calculating total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities.
c) Price to Book Value: This is an important ratio to consider if the company is trading at expensive levels or not. This is mainly used for NBFC's to compare the stock prices among its peers.
d) Price to Earnings ratio: This is one of the most important ratios to consider. Leaving the technical terms aside, this gives the "Confidence of the Investors on the Company". High PE says, Investors are expecting the company to generate above average earnings for the longer period of times. Sometimes this confidence turns in "Over confidence" & if it happens welcome to the Bull Market.
Just to give you an example, during the time of Reliance Power IPO, the oversubscription of this went viral and people are ready to pay 5000 (Five thousand) PE for this company. This kind of ratios is highly unsustainable. If you ask me what PE is cheap and what PE is costly. These are mostly considered by Relative valuations and preferably from same sectors. (Read more about Reliance IPO here)
e) Dividend Yield: This is calculated by ratio between Annual Dividend per share to the current market price.
f) Earnings per Share: The portion of a company's profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Very important metrics to look for.
Profitability Indicator Ratios: ROE & ROCE
g) Return On Equity: Another major ratio to look for. It tells how much profit a company generates with the money shareholders have invested. If explained properly, ROE alone can be a separate post.
h) Return on Capital Employed: A financial ratio that measures a company's profitability and the efficiency with which its capital is employed
ROCE = Earnings before Interest and Tax (EBIT) / Capital Employed
i) Piotroski score: This is an interesting number to know the fundamentals of a company. I have already written an article for the same: What is the Piotroski Score of Your Stock ?
j) Price to Free Cash Flow: A valuation metric that compares a company's market price to its level of annual free cash flow. This is similar to the valuation measure of price-to-cash flow but uses the stricter measure of free cash flow, which reduces operating cash flow by capital expenditures.
There are much more ratios that this Screener provides, but as I told you, for the initial analysis of a company, these is good enough to start.
2) Later, it provides an amazing screen which states the Pros and Cons of the company.
3) In this screen, it provides the information of Individual stock performance vis-a-vis Index along with the shareholding pattern.
Only one small issue is, here we will not know if any of the promoter holdings have been pledged or not. This is critical information in terms of analyzing a company. Promoter pledging is not a good sign while analyzing the current condition of the company.
4) Relative Valuation is very important for any company. This screen allows us to understand the financials of the company with respect to its peers.
Financials (Income statement: Standalone & Consolidate):
5) As already discussed above, this particular section gives us the first glance of the company's financials on Quarterly & Annual basis for both Standalone and Consolidated.
As you can see below that some of the terms below are in "BOLD" which states the importance of it. Let’s have a quick understanding of them:
Operating Profit: The profit earned from a firm's normal core business operations. This value does not include any profit earned from the firm's investments (such as earnings from firms in which the company has partial interest) and the effects of interest and taxes.
EBIDTA: EBITDA is essentially net income with interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization added back to it, and can be used to analyze and compare profitability between companies and industries because it eliminates the effects of financing and accounting decisions.
Profit Before Tax: As the name suggests, it is a profitability measure that looks at a company's profits before the company has to pay corporate income tax.
Net Income: This is Very Very critical number to look for in the company's Income statement. Net income is calculated by taking revenues and adjusting for the cost of doing business, depreciation, interest, taxes and other expenses. The measure is also used to calculate earnings per share.
6) The other screen gives the compounded growth of Sales, Profits and ROE over 3,5,10 and TTM periods of time.
7) Financials (Balance sheet: Standalone & Consolidate):
Let me take a moment and try to explain what is first 2 rows (Equity Share capital & Reserves) of any balance sheet tell us.
Example: Let's say company ABC came up with an IPO and wanted to raise 10 crore rupees. It shares are prices at a band of 170-180 rupees with a Face value of 10 each. Total number of issuing shares is 1 Lac.
Working Capital: A measure of both a company's efficiency and its short-term financial health.
Formula: Working capital = Current Assets - Current Liabilities
8) Cash Flow statement: Even though Cash flow statements are the critical ones to check where and how the money is flowing in & out. This gives info of Cash Flow from Operations (CFO), Cash Flow from Investments (CFI) & Cash flow from Financing (CFF)
Cash Flow from Operations: The amount of cash generated by a company's normal business operations. Operating cash flow is important because it indicates whether a company is able to generate sufficient positive cash flow to maintain and grow its operations, or whether it may require external financing.
9) Recent Announcements, Annual reports & Credit Ratings:
This section gives the information on recent activities like AGM, Corporate actions like Dividends, Splits. It also provides us with the latest information of Annual reports and credit ratings for the Debentures or Bonds issued by the company.
Also, another great feature of this is, this allows us to export all the above information into an Excel sheet. It takes all the data from www.bseindia.com.
You can also customize many things and create your own stock wish list.
Go & Explore the amazing stuff available at www.screener.in
Also, if you care to, you can try out the Freefincal Excel Stock Screener
Happy Learning & Investing 🙂
Do join me in thanking Krishna for a comprehensive review of a stock screener.