The 2016 Personal Finance Audit: Returns do not matter!

Published: December 25, 2016 at 10:32 am

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Each December, I conduct a personal financial audit. I take stock of my financial goals and other aspects of personal finance relevant to me. For the last three years, I have been sharing the gist of such audits at freefincal.

The idea behind doing is this to put some context into the several goal based investing posts that I do, not to brag or show. I think the DIY investing community should share generic information on strategies for mutual benefit. And I have always benefited from reader feedback.

This may help interested readers to conduct one themselves:  how to conduct a personal financial audit 

Past audits are here: 2015 audit; 2014 audit; 2013 audit.

I have three long-term goals: Retirement; My son’s education and marriage. Few years ago, audits were something I looked forward to. Since I created an automated mutual fund tracker and integrated goal planning into it, I can audit the goals each time I use it. So the charm has lost a bit 🙂

Also, I have gradually moved away from a focus on returns (next equity return for each goal). Although I use it to review my mutual fund portfolio, I am not too worried about it anymore.

Hence the title of the post: returns do not matter. We can analyse our needs by just looking at the value of the corpus. At the end of that day, that is all that matters, not the XIRR (rate of return). And it way easier to interpret than the XIRR.


Asset allocation: ~ 60% Equity mutual funds and ~ 35-37% NPS (mandatory) and rest in PPF.

Net Equity XIRR: About 13% ish. Did not update after this post: The rise and fall of my retirement corpus

Normal retirement is at 65. So more than two decades away.

Achieved financial independence notionally and theoretically.

Notionally, because the corpus is locked in NPS. This is the reason I keep saying: Stay away from Corporate NPS, if You Wish to Retire ASAP!

Theoretically, because my asset allocation is still in accumulation mode. At 60% equity, a severe market crash will vaporise the independence. Naturally, I can protect it but since I like my job, see no need to quit.

Retirement corpus audits require only one number: how long can I be financially independent if I retire today. This has nothing to do with returns obtained so far.

Of course, it depends on post-retirement inflation and return to be obtained relative to that. But that is an estimate and anything between 6-8% should be okay.

Since I am in accumulation mode, the above number will oscillate anywhere betweem 25-30 years. So up to age 65-70. Perhaps that is not enough. Perhaps one should plan until age 90!

Yes, if I want to quit all forms of work. For me, the key aspect is that I do not have to invest anymore for retirement. Just need to manage the accumulated corpus reasonably well.  Of course, this assumes that I am not straddled by the perils of unexpected recurring expenses. Will have to play that by the ear.

I never started investing with the aim of early retirement. Just thought I should have a comfortable retirement corpus if I wanted to buy a house (long story!). Soon that desire went away and one fine morning when I checked the numbers, they looked okay. So coffee-can like!

You can download the free E-book: How to retire early in India if you wish to plan for your financial independence. It has links to all relevant calculators.

Son’s Education

He is now about 7. So I will need the money in about 11 years. This year I rebalanced his portfolio and shifted from equity to debt. It is still currently at 60% equity and I will start reducing this in 2017.

In this case again, the returns do not matter. What is the corpus worth today? If my son were to enter college, what kind of education can I afford without a  loan?

The answer is: I am comfortable.

Of course the goal here is to be comfortable enough to ask this question: What if our children never had to work! Still not there yet.

Son’s Marriage

I could no longer invest for this goal (and it is important: Should I invest for my child’s marriage?) when my mom fell sick. So I have left it at 100% equity and not looked at it much. Hope I dont need it earlier that I think I do!

The Real Challenge

The real challenge is increasing the investment by about 10% each year. Due to compounding this now looks quite big! Until I receive my pay commission hike, I cannot do this.

Life and Health Insurance

Term plan from LIC (~ 7Y) old; Mediclaim from United.

Tax Planning

The mandatory NPS takes care of this.


In my humble opinion, tracking expenses is a waste of time. Read more: How tracking investments instead of expenses changed my life!

I hope 2017 is another dull year personally and financially. No news is good news! And the best way to handle investment volatility is to not look!

Wish you all a merry Christmas! Do consider buying my new book with Subra( Leave a review at Amazon if you can spare a few minutes.

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About the Author M Pattabiraman author of freefincal.comM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the author and owner of  He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras since Aug 2006. Pattu” as he is popularly known, has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management.  He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. Pattu publishes unbiased, promotion-free research, analysis and holistic money management advice. Freefincal serves more than one million readers a year (2.5 million page views) with numbers based analysis on topical issues and has more than a 100 free calculators on different aspects of insurance and investment analysis. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates  and associations(see details below). Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, TamilNadu Investors Association etc. Contact information: freefincal {at} Gmail {dot} com (sponsored posts or paid collaborations will not be entertained)
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  1. Hii
    Good to see the Audit. 🙂
    Also I have bought the book “You can be Rich too” from Infibeam at a good discounted rate. Will review after completing reading.

    I am using the Automated Tracker from last one and half year. After inclusion of the Goal Planner sheet, it is more attractive now. But still I find it incomplete.
    Sir,. If you can include one EPF/PPF and FD/RD corpus sheet in the Automated Tracker and link it to the goals like the mutual funds are links, it would be a great help. So we will be able to link our EPF/PPF/FD/RD to our goal and can estimate the exact figure and return.

    1. Thank you for getting the book. You can always insert the PPF sheet yourself into the tracker. This is what I have done. If you want I can make a simple video of how to do this. But there should be other resources on the web.

  2. Dear Pattu Sir, I’ve also started tracking years of retirement possible with the current corpus.

    I have a question on how to calculate this:-

    Can I assume a corpus return of 11% and inflation of 7.5%? I’ve taken 11% growth using the 10 year return of the Mutual Fund at the bottom of the top quartile of Balanced Mutual funds (it is actually 13.43% now – BSL 95, from VRO). Inflation I’ve calculated at 7.5% based on the published indexation tables, using upper range of 20 year inflation (average + 3* from the published indexation tables.

    Or is it better to be conservative with 10% portfolio growth and 9% inflation?

    There is a difference of 15 years (38 vs 23), depending on which model you adopt!

  3. Could you please include additional feature in “automated mutual fund tracker” file, where in one can compare their entire MF portfolio against indices like NV20 , SENSEX TRI etc.

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