NPS will not provide a pension! You need to buy one yourself!

Published: January 14, 2016 at 9:25 am

Last Updated on

Here are some less-understood facts about the National Pension Scheme (NPS).

  • National Pension Scheme comes with no guarantees of returns.
  • NPS is a mutual fund and carries with it all the risks associated with any old mutual fund. Read more: NPS investments are mutual fund investments!
  • The aim of NPS is to generate a corpus and not provide a pension.
    • When it is time to withdraw (after age 60), the subscriber should take the corpus generated (40% minimum) and buy an annuity (pension) from any of the designated annuity providers like LIC, SBI, ICICI, HDFC and Star Union. Details here: Annuity Service Providers
    • The annuity provider will offer a pension at the annuity rates applicable at the time of purchase. There is no special annuity rate for the NPS, or at least there need not be (and is not at the time of writing)!
    •  Anyone with a big enough sum can purchase these annuities from the insurers. An NPS account is not necessary! This is point the title conveys. It is not NPS that provides the Pension. The annuity provider does – which they would for any individual whether they are NPS subscribers or not. NPS is only a means to obtain a retirement nest egg. There are other ways to obtain a much healthier corpus with a lot more efficiency.
  • Can I open an account to invest only 50,000 under 80CC1(B) and invest elsewhere for 80C deductions? Yes, as long as you open, the govt. will be happy!
  • Where can I find information about the returns generated by various pension fund managers?  Here: Return of NPS Schemes 

NPS Scheme Returns as on 27 Sep, 2019

With inputs from Facebook group, Asan Ideas for Wealth.

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Update 2:  NPS: Partial Withdrawal Rules 2019 are just awful! Beware.

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Pattabiraman editor freefincalM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the founder, managing editor and primary author of freefincal. He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. since Aug 2006. Connect with him via Twitter or Linkedin Pattabiraman has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal-based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management. He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice.
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7 Comments

  1. Prof. Pattu,
    My friend is a TN state government employee contributing towards (Contributory Pension Scheme) CPS. Is CPS is same as NPS? how to know equity/debt percentage of CPS portfolio and any ways to change it as per his wishes?
    TIA
    Rajesh

    1. If s/he joined after 2004 it is probably NPS. Else same as EPF. Gvot employees cannot change equity or debt allocation. Equity allocation is fixed at 15% as of now.

    2. No…TN implemented scheme before 2004 from 1-04-2003 for its employees …rules are similiar to NPS..but not yet implemented NPS architecture under PFRDA

  2. LTCG for equity/equity fund is nil. At the time of withdrawal, NPS is treated as debt fund and taxed accordingly. Am I right?

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