HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund: Still a fantastic performer!

Published: January 13, 2019 at 11:26 am

Last Updated on

This is a performance review of HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund, previously HDFC Prudence Fund. Does it still make sense to consider this fund or continue investing in it? Let us find out by comparing it with Nifty 50 and HDFC Hybrid Equity (Balanced) fund.

This fund has had a colorful history but the same fund manager – Prashant Jain since it started in Feb 1994 (what were you doing in 1994? I was in 2nd year of B.Sc).  Twentieth Century Asset Management started “Centurion Prudence Fund”. Zurich India Asset Management then acquired it in 1999 and HDFC Asset Management in 2003. This is the NAV of the fund since inception and a comparison from May 2001 with Nifty 50 Total Returns Index.

HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund (HDFC Prudence) since incpetion NAV growth

HDFC Balanced Advantage vs Nifty 50 Total returns

In April 2018, to comply with SEBI categorization rules, HDFC announced that HDFC Growth Fund will be called HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund and that HDFC prudence will be merged into this new fund (balanced advantage).

Not only was this move baffling, as mentioned earlier in, what now for HDFC Prudence and HDFC Balanced Investors, the new investment strategy of HDFC Balanced Advantage is as vague as it can get!

  • Old Asset Allocation: 40-75% (although it remained an equity fund after the 65% min requirement ruling by SEBI)
  • New asset allocation:  0 -100% (it will still remain an equity fund as it has a huge AUM)
  • Old benchmark:   Crisil Balanced Fund Aggressive Index Nifty 50 index – 65% + CRISIL Composite Bond Fund Index – 35%
  • New benchmark: NIFTY 50 Hybrid Composite Debt 65:35 Index. This possibly means that it will remain equity oriented at least most of the time.

HDFC offers a vague definition of “balanced advantage”. In the fact, the whole scheme document of this fund is vague.

The fund manager will determine asset allocation between equity and debt depending on prevailing market and economic conditions. The debt-equity mix at any point of time will be a function of interest rates, equity valuations, medium to long term outlook of the asset classes and risk management etc.

HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund vs Nifty 50 TRI

HDFC mutual fund offers adjusted NAV for both Balanced advantage and Hybrid Equity in its website. This is a contiguous NAV history across the fund mergers mentioned above. I have used the same for this analysis.

Disclosure: As mentioned in my 2018 personal finance audit, I am an investor in both HDFC balanced advantage and Hybrid Equity.

Three years rolling returns

Let us kick things off with the 3Y rolling returns history.

3 year rolling returns of HDFC Balanced Advantage vs Nifty 50What you see above is 3963 3Y return data points in each line from May 2001. That is pretty awesome for a fund that have never had a full equity portfolio. Its recent performance is still quite good.

Next, using the Equity Mutual Fund Rolling Upside/Downside Capture Calculator (this is the tool that set the foundation for the monthly screeners), we can view the downside capture and upside capture with time.

The downside capture tells you how much NIfty 50 losses has the fund captured. If downside capture = 100% it is as “lossy” as NIfty 50. If it is 110%, then it has captured 10% more loss! If is 90%, it has captured 10% less loss. So lower the downside capture the better.

So if we reverse the argument of the above para,  higher the upside capture, the better as this means the fund has gained more when the index gained.

Three years rolling downside and upside capture

downside capture and upside capture of HDFC balanced advantage fund

In the early 2000s, the fund gained a reputation as being more aggressive than most balanced funds with a high upside and downside capture. However, recently it has mellowed considerably with low downside and low upside capture. The capture ratio is upside by downside and >1 is considered as “good”.

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Five years rolling returns

5 year rolling returns of HDFC Balanced Advantage vs Nifty 50Again that is awesome (3233, 5Y data points)!

HDFC Balanced Advantage Fund vs HDFC Hybrid Equity

I have reviewed HDFC Hybrid Equity Fund (HDFC Balanced) earlier, and it is a pretty good fund to hold. Amusingly, HDFC MF has clarified that its balanced advantage fund is more volatile than its aggressive hybrid fund!!

HDFC mtual fund risk vs reward profile of hybrid schemes

Investors should understand this before comparing or investing.

Five years rolling returns

So now we compare: HDFC Balanced Advantage vs HDFC hybrid vs NIfty 50 vs Nifty 100 vs Nifty 200

five year rolling returns comparison of HDFC balanced advantage fund with HDFC Hybrid equity

The no of data point as shown above is 3233 for the HDFC funds.

Five years rolling volatility

This is the rolling volatility or standard deviation for the above data set.

Rolling standard deviation or volatility for HDFC Balanced advantage and hdfc hybrid

Observations from the above

  1. HDFC Balanced Advantage has outperformed Nifty 50 at significantly lower risk
  2. HDFC Hybrid has recently outperformed Balanced Advantage at lower risk!

Summary and conclusions

There can be no doubt that HDFC Balanced Advantage is still a compelling pick and existing investors should certainly continue to hold and invest more in it. So can new investors but they do have less volatile choices in HDFC Hybrid Equity and ICICI Prudential Equity & Debt Fund (ICICI Balanced)

My only grouse is the product position. HDFC Prudence should have been called the aggressive hybrid fund as it is one and HDFC Balanced the balanced advantage. Also, the lack of clarity in the asset allocation pattern is annoying. I would prefer a balanced advantage fund with a clear tactical asset allocation strategy and a much lower risk. ICICI Prudential Balanced Advantage Fund has scored in this count with performance & Low Volatility. Although it offers lower reward than both HDFC funds, it will work well for important goals or for post-retirement investing.

I was asked why I hold Balanced Advantage when it is more volatile than Hybrid Equity. Two reasons: (1) they are used for different goals and (2) the volatility different is not that high to make a big deal about


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  1. There is nothing “awesome” about HDFC Bal Advtg Fund. Bal Advtg is supposed to be a Dynamic Asset Allocation category – dynamically allocating debt/equity depending on the “risk” in the market (ICICI uses P/BV for this). HDFC does no such thing – its equity component remains static at ~80%. In effect, it is an ultra aggressive hybrid fund, not a balanced advantage fund, thereby misleading investors. This is reflected in its risk parameters – it runs a std deviation of 14.5 (as against ICICI at 8.25). One needs to make up one’s mind on one’s reqmt – if its Bal Advtg, go for ICICI Bal Advtg; if Balanced, go for HDFC Aggressive Hybrid Equity. This (HDFC Bal Advtg) is avoidable for not being true to the category it represents.

    1. Nice! So the fund has been a bal adv fund for only 9 months. Let us use a standard deviation usually measured over last the last 3Y and draw conclusions about how bad a bal adv fund it is. That is the way to do it.

      1. Fund SD over 3 yrs – 14.48; category – 8.44. QED
        I have deep respect for HDFC as a fund house but this fund belies all those positive sentiments

  2. This is not a good of
    Since last one year it has given negative return.
    Not even the savings bank return.
    Fund manager is poor. There is a good suspicion that they manage thier expenses at the customers hard earned money. It should be termed as balance dis advantage fund. Every one should come out of it

  3. I have invested and n balanced advantage fund of HDFC for the past 2 years, to my dismay, the NAV part is not at all improving. There is always capital depreciation , though the Dividend is declared regularly. What is the point of dividend when there is no capital appreciation. One can not appreciate if there capital is eroded continuously. I don’t think this is a good MF for investment.

  4. As narrated by Vbrao I had invested huge amount in HDFC prudence fund. In 2018 this fund amalgmate with HDFC balance advantage fund, at that time same unit was not alltoted due to merger, as fund has been announcing regularly monthly dividend, but capital has been eroded. Now, due budget announcement TDS has been deducted @10%. Now what is your advise ? Whether to shift another fund like HDFC top 100 growth or to take resumption.

  5. I have a good investment in this fund (dividend) since mid 2016. At one time it had excellent performance, giving consistent dividend and capital growth also, but since Apr’19 it’s performance continue to lose sheen by constant capital devaluation. It is paying dividend consistently but the erosion of investment negates any benefit of that. What should be the right course of action? Should I sell it at loss or should I hold on? It’s not understandable why there’s sudden downfall in performance under same fund manager.

  6. From the deep analysis of the performance of the fund during the last two years I have come to the conclusion that the dividend is being paid out of the capital. To some extent it was enough good because the dividend income was fully exempt from tax but as soon the budget proposals of 2020 are implemented it will be fully taxable at the slab rate. Therefore the charm of the investor has fallen.
    On the other hand it will be the good strategy to reinvest the amount of dividend at lower cost and wait for recovery of the market which is expected after six to eight months.

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