When to invest in gold and when to buy it

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Many investors appear confused between investing in gold and buying gold. Here is a discussion on when to invest in gold and when to buy it.

Everything starts with the need. If we can clearly state our requirement, the solution often presents itself. Here is an example how to clearly define a goal: Financial Goal Planning: How to buy an Audi Car.

Let us consider common requirements and uses of gold.

I need to accumulate gold for my child’s marriage

The traditional way of accumulating gold is to actually accumulate it! Using gold saving schemes offered by jewellers, mothers often purchased gold from time to time. This is a fantastic way of doing things and I can see nothing wrong with it. The intended purpose is consumption and one starts ‘consuming’ periodically.

The alternative is to accumulate money and buy the required gold at a later time in one shot. There are two ways to go about it.

1) Today we have ways to track the price of 24 carat gold. Via gold etfs, gold funds and  sovereign gold bonds. Investing in these offers a way to hold an amount equivalent to weight of gold.

2) Depending on the duration, we can choose a mixture of equity and fixed income for generating the corpus.

Personally I see no benefit in choosing instruments that track gold price if the aim is to eventually buy gold jewellary.

If I have a 2 year old daugher and wanted to plan for her marriage, I would either adopt the traditional way mention above or invest in a portfolio of say 60% equity and 40% fixed income. Tracking the price of a commodity which has not not delievered real returns over ‘the long term” is not an enticing prospect for me. I would rather own it and enjoy it without worrying about returns since that is ultimate motive anyway.

Read more: Smart ways to accumulate gold for a marriage

I need a hedge against inflation

Gold is supposed to be a hedge against inflation. If the pertol price increases by Rs. 5 or if the exchange rate increases by Rs. 10, holding physical gold or gold (price) investments will not help much.

When the economy collapses and a loaf of bread costs Rs. 10,000, I would need physical gold -not bonds or etf.

Gold is a necessary hedge against hyperfinflation – as seen in Germany (after WW1), Zimbabwe (a few years ago) and Venezuela (right now). When the local currency becomes worthless, gold becomes the currency.

If and when such a thing happens, I would need oodles of gold for everyday life.

Is it prudent to drop all my other investment and focus on buying enough gold in fear of possible hyperinflation?

I am a pessimist, but not pessimistic enough to be paranoid.

There are many who claim that one should have 10-15% of gold exposure in a portfolio. If this amount is in etfs/bonds they may not aid if hyperfinflation strikes. And in such an event one would need a lot more than 10-15% of physical gold.

I need a hedge against volatility

Gold is considered to be a “safe haven” when there is fear. Fear of an impending crash or fear after a crash. So during these events, gold price surges. This can be efficiently used to reduce portfolio volatility.

Not by holding physical gold, but by holding a freely tradable instrument that tracks gold price and by rebalancing among equity, fixed income and gold periodically. As of now, ETFs is a simple way to accomplish this. 

Take the case of funds like Axis Triple Advantage, Canda Indigo, Quantum Multi-Asset etc. They approximately hold 25-30% of gold ETFs at all times.

Source: Value Research

Notice how the Axis Triple Advantage fund is much less volatile than the VR balanced index. This is because of high gold exposure and periodic rebalancing. 

Lower volatility almost always means lower returns: Over 5 years, the VR balanced index has given ~ 11% return while the axis fund ~ 9%.

So increasing gold exposure in the portfolio reduces volatility and also returns. If the exposure was only 10-15% as many experts recommend, it will neither impact volatility or returns as much.

Therefore, in my opinion, might as well not have any gold in an investment portfolio. Gold jewellery is naturally excluded.

Read more:

Gold is riskier than Stocks!

Gold Price Movement: USD vs INR

Should gold be part of your long-term investment portfolio?

Charts: Equity vs. Gold. Vs. Debt

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About the Author M Pattabiraman author of freefincal.comM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the author and owner of freefincal.com.  He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras since Aug 2006. Pattu” as he is popularly known, has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management.  He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. Pattu publishes unbiased, promotion-free research, analysis and holistic money management advice. Freefincal serves more than one million readers a year (2.5 million page views) with numbers based analysis on topical issues and has more than a 100 free calculators on different aspects of insurance and investment analysis. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates  and associations(see details below). Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, TamilNadu Investors Association etc. Contact information: freefincal {at} Gmail {dot} com (sponsored posts or paid collaborations will not be entertained)
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  1. Hi, very informative article.
    I am 28 years old and I am searching for good investment options. I just came to know about peer to peer lending as an emerging platform in India and wanted your views on that.

  2. Dear Sir,
    I read all your posts as soon as you post as always great, this is not the right post to ask about but hope you can linkup, market is all time high P.E is shooting up so must be ppl like me would be holing there horses.
    My question is around your view we should not track P.E. of fund insted look into Index PE, when we buy equity, we observe PE. So what’s wrong being observing P.E. of combined equities, ultimately my money will be distribute among those.
    At least for me its not convincing to watch Index P.E. rather then actual P.E.

    1. There are funds which heavily churn their folios. Personally I see no value in tracking the fund PE when I do not know why it has changed and when it has changed.

  3. in india gold means gold jewellery or coins only not paper gold

    one thing people forget and not mentioned is having a good locker facility in a nearby govt bank. before buying gold for future first buy a locker and dont keep things at home. you will prevent lot of burglaries, chain snatching and old lady murder news in future

    i also want to share one thing that i realized pretty late in life about gold and indian ladies psychology.
    as a husband you can go to any function without combing hair or without pressing clothes – nobody will notice and even they do, they will think you are a simple man and you are always like that only.
    if same your wife goes to same function without anything in neck and ears or with same old saree – all ladies in group first question they ask is are there any problems?

    you can argue how this is wrong etc, but this is basic psychology difference between ladies and gents. ofcourse, nowadays nobody attends any functions death or marriage unless it is on weekend. so this may not matter.

    if you have a daughter born today and say you want her to be married by 25, and decide you want 25 sovereigns you can put a rd for that amount for a year and buy 1 sovereign on any auspicious day, wear it for a function or two and store it in locker. and repeat this every year.

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