Warning! Nifty Next 50 is NOT a large cap index!

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Regular readers may be aware that I have repeatedly pointed out how hard it is for mutual funds to beat the NIfty Next 50 (NN50) index in terms of absolute return* and that no active mutual fund uses it as a benchmark! In this post, I classify NSE indices in terms of risk and point out the unique position of the Nifty Next 50. Let us try to answer two questions: (1) Which index has a risk-return profile similar to the NN50? (2) Is there any index that has offered better returns at lower risk than the NN50? This post is inspired by Subrat Dash who asked this question in FB group Asan Ideas for Wealth.

* And how easy it is to lower risk compared to the NN50. As usual many seem to have ignored this fact because they allegedly have “a high-risk appetite”. Well, hope they have some antacid stocked up. Note: SEBI in its mutual fund classification circular has stated the following as a definition for large-cap stocks: 1st -100th company in terms of full market capitalization. If you take this seriously then, the NN50 will be called a large cap, as you will see below, it is not!

Nifty Next 50 resources

What is the NIfty Next 50?

The NIFTY Next 50 Index represents 50 companies from NIFTY 100 after excluding the NIFTY 50 companies.

  • The NIFTY Next 50 Index represents about 11.9% of the free float market capitalization of the stocks listed on NSE as on March 31, 2017.
  • The total traded value for the last six months March 2017 of all index constituents is approximately 15.4% of the traded value of all stocks on NSE. Source: NSE

These are the previous posts on NN50:

This is my portfolio vs Sensex, Nifty Next 50: Want to Check yours?

Nifty Next 50: The Benchmark Index That No Mutual Fund Would Touch?!

Evaluating the Nifty Next 50 as an Index Fund

How to classify an instrument, asset class or index?

We classify based on volatility and not based on returns. Suppose you ask “which instrument will offer me 25% return?”. The answer is: Sometimes gold can offer 25%, sometimes stocks can, sometimes real estate can, sometimes even govt bonds can, sometimes currencies can … The answer is accurate, but not useful because the question is inaccurate. A better question would be, “how often would I get 25% from X.Y or Z instrument and at what risk?”

The point is, it is rik the differentiates instruments as pointed out here: Investing in Cryptocoin vs Trading in Cryptocoin (this post is not just about crypto) and here: The key to successful mutual fund investing and here: When to choose what mutual fund? and here: Gold is riskier than Stocks!

The NSE broad market index classification

Starting from the top 500 companies based on full market capitalisation, NSE has derived the following indices. Source: broad market methodology. We will be studying these indices belowNSE-broad-market-classificationWe will consider both rolling returns (higher is better duh!) and rolling standard deviation (a measure of volatility – lowe is better) over a ten year period and use the Nifty 50 (N50) and the Nifty Next 50 as dual benchmarks. As mentioned above, our goal is to answer two questions: 1) Which index has a risk-return profile similar to the NN50? (2) Is there any index that has offered better returns at lower risk than the NN50?

NIfty 50 vs Nifty Next 50

The top panel has 10Y rolling returns with 1119 (10-year return) data points. The bottom panel has 10Y rolling risk with 1119 data points. This will be the pattern followed for all the graphs that you will see below.

Notice that the NN50 has generally done better than the N50 in the 5-year window considered (see horizontal axis) but it about 10% more volatile (this is significant). We will now consider other broad market indices with these two as reference points.

Nifty Equal weight 50 (N50EW) vs N50 vs NN50

The equal weight index will have an equal allocation to all 50 stocks. See: Nifty 50 Equal Weight Index vs Nifty 50: Does equal weight result in more returns?

Notice that N50EW has a bit more risk than N50 due to the stock weight difference but returns may not always be higher.

Nifty 100 vs N50 vs NN50

If  I add N50 and NN50 will I get the partial benefits of NN50?

The answer is no! Because stocks with higher market caps will have a higher weight. N100 has a similar risk profile as N50 and offers a bit more returns, but not too much and not always.

Nifty 100 equal weight (N100EW) vs N50 vs NN50

So what if I choose equal weights of the top 100 stocks?

That is not bad at all! N100EW offers a reward close to N50 but with significantly lower risk.  This is a good alternative for those who cannot handle the excessive volatility of NN50.

N200 vs N50 vs NN50

What happens if we add 100 more stocks to make it N200?

Notice how diversification reduced risk but not retains returns. N200 is a better than choice than N50 if we go by this.

N500 vs N50 vs NN50

Now make it 500 stocks!

Again lower risk than N50 and N100 and returns close to N50.

Nifty Midcap 150 (NMC150) vs N50 vs NN50

NIFTY Midcap 150 represents the next 150 companies (companies ranked 101-250) based on full market capitalisation from NIFTY 500.

This again is a pretty good choice! Lower risk than N50 (diversification due to more stocks)

NIfty Smallcap 250 (NSC250) vs N50 vs NN50

NIFTY Smallcap 250 represents the balance 250 companies (companies ranked 251- 500) from NIFTY 500

Nifty Midcap 50 (NMC50) vs N50 vs NN50

It includes top 50 companies based on full market capitalisation from NIFTY Midcap 150 index and on which derivative contracts are available on NSE. In case 50 midcap stocks do not have derivatives contract available on them then it could have less than 50 stocks in the index

Nifty Midcap 100 (NMC100) vs N50 vs NN50

It includes all companies from NIFTY Midcap 50. Remaining companies are selected based on average daily turnover from NIFTY Midcap 150 index

Nifty Smallcap 50 (NMC50) vs N50 vs NN50

It represents top 50 companies selected based on average daily turnover from top 100 companies selected based on full market capitalisation in NIFTY Smallcap 250 index.

Nifty Smallcap 100 (NMC100) vs N50 vs NN50

It includes all companies from NIFTY Smallcap 50. Remaining companies are selected based on average daily turnover from top 150 companies selected based on full market capitalisation from NIFTY Smallcap 250 index

Amusing that this has a risk as much an NN50 but poor 10Y returns!!

NIFTY LargeMidcap 250 (NLM250) vs N50 vs NN50

It includes all companies from NIFTY 100 and NIFTY Midcap 150

NIFTY MidSmallcap 400 (NMS400) vs N50 vs NN50

It includes all companies from NIFTY Midcap 150 and NIFTY Smallcap 250

Summary of increasing risk

If you have got to this point (most people who opened this post will not have, other than to skip to the conclusion), then, thank you!

1: NIfty 100 Equal Weight and Nifty MIdcap 150 are impressive when compared to Nifty Next 50

2: Nifty Next 50 has a risk comparable to mid-cap and small-cap indices. So beware!

stay tuned for part 2! In this post, we identified two indices that have a return a bit less than NN50 but with much lower risk. Is there an index with a higher return than NN50 and lowe risk than N50? To be continued.

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About the Author M Pattabiraman author of freefincal.comM. Pattabiraman(PhD) is the author and owner of freefincal.com.  He is an associate professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras since Aug 2006. Pattu” as he is popularly known, has co-authored two print-books, You can be rich too with goal based investing (CNBC TV18) and Gamechanger and seven other free e-books on various topics of money management.  He is a patron and co-founder of “Fee-only India” an organisation to promote unbiased, commission-free investment advice. Pattu publishes unbiased, promotion-free research, analysis and holistic money management advice. Freefincal serves more than one million readers a year (2.5 million page views) with numbers based analysis on topical issues and has more than a 100 free calculators on different aspects of insurance and investment analysis. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates  and associations(see details below). Previous engagements include World Bank, RBI, BHEL, Asian Paints, TamilNadu Investors Association etc. Contact information: freefincal {at} Gmail {dot} com (sponsored posts or paid collaborations will not be entertained)
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    1. Thank you. Sundaram has a N100 equal weight index fund. I dont think we have any midcap index funds. The one around from Principal was removed.

  1. Exactly, which is why I invest in the NN50 ETF (now owned by Reliance) through both weekly SIP and on dips – make the volatility work for me to get the returns!

  2. What about strategy indices like NLV50, ALPHA50 etc? I hope they are part of part 2 of the the post. Waiting for it 🙂

    P.S. – There are minor typos in title for SmallCap e.g. Nifty Smallcap 100 (NMC100) – I believe you meant NSC100

  3. How does strategy indices perform (e.g. Nifty Alpha 50, Nifty Value 20 etc)? i hope those are part of part 2 of analysis.

    P.S. There are few typos in title for Small Cap e.g. Nifty Smallcap 100 (NMC100) – I believe you meant NSC100

  4. Pattu ji, this is one of the best posts I have seen here. Gave a lot of good perspective, as to which funds to select, based on what indices they follow. Quick question for my confirmaton – it seems to be that for selecting mid-cap funds, all else being equal, a fund benchmarked to Nifty Mid 150 should be preferable to mid-100. fair?

  5. Was looking for this analysis. Got redirected here from your other posts. Amazing work. Thank You!
    Can’t help but notice that NLM250 and NMS400 returns are not total return. with total return, I think NLM250 will match NN50 and NMS400 can even beat NN50.
    Jack Bogle of vanguard says that investors should invest in Total Market index fund. Total market gives similar to sometimes better return over long turn with way less volatility. N500 proves this. N100IW and NM150 came up as surprise! good that we have index fund for N100IW.

    I would appreciate if you can look into extending these graphs after market fall. would be interesting to see if returns converges back to N50 returns, thus providing excellent(may be once in a 10y) entry point for some funds. Thank you!

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